Natural and Alternative Medicine - Sometimes without us knowing it, many diseases are threatening our health. Ranging from mild illness to serious and dangerous disease. So on this occasion we will discuss one of the dangerous diseases that meningitis.
Meningitis also called meningitis is an inflammatory disease of the membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord. Afterwards, the membrane will swell. Meningitis occurs due to infection from viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms as well, so it can be transmitted depending on the cause of emergence. If the disease appears due to bacteria, it can be transmitted through coughing, sneezing or kissing. While meningitis caused by a virus, transmitted by the way through contact with feces of patients and can also spread through droplets (droplet) that is released when a person coughs or sneezes. At first the virus that causes the disease infects the patient's body part and then flows into the cells of the central nervous (brain).
Type Meningitis (inflammation of brain membranes)
Viral meningitis is also called aseptic meningitis is the most common types of bacterial meningitis. The majority of cases of aseptic meningitis caused by viruses called enteroviruses that can infect the stomach and small intestine.
Bacterial meningitis is much more severe than aseptic meningitis, particularly in infants and the elderly. In fact there are 70 percent or more of the bacterial meningitis cases resulting in death. Bacterial meningitis is most common in winter and spring.
Type Bacteria Cause of Meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is one of the bacteria that cause meningitis are most affects infants and children. This type of bacteria can also cause infection of the lungs (pneumonia), ear and nasal cavity (sinusitis).
Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus)
According to a source who obtained this type of bacteria is mentioned as the second most common cause of bacteria after the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae is the source of the bacteria that cause meningitis. Meningitis caused by these bacteria caused by infection of the respiratory tract at the top of the selanjutya bacteria enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain, thus becoming the cause of meningitis. Infections caused by these bacteria attack can be risky because it can cause death in just 24 to 48 hours.
Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus)
Bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b is a type of bacteria that causes upper respiratory infection and the inner ear and sinusitis. Infections caused by this type of bacteria can be treated with the vaccine (Hib vaccine).
Listeria monocytogenes (Listeria)
The bacteria that cause meningitis can generally be found in many places, even in foods that have been mixed with these bacteria. Listeria bacterium is derived from animals reared and foods that have the potential to be contaminated with the bacteria listeria species is cheese, hot dogs and beef sandwiches.
Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Other bacteria that cause meningitis are bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is one cause of tuberculosis.
Symptoms of meningitis (inflammation of brain membranes)
Common symptoms of meningitis are headache and sufferers experience stiff neck accompanied with fever for 2-3 days, confusion or altered consciousness, decreased appetite, vomiting, and sensitivity to light (photophobia) or loud noises (phonophobia). In children usually only show nonspecific symptoms, such as irritability and drowsiness. In addition plus the red rash may be a clue to the extent that children exposed to meningitis. Of these symptoms sometimes a person does not realize because nearly resemble the symptoms of pain in general. Therefore, you should be extra vigilant in case of health problems such.
Meningitis Prevention Method
The spread of viral and bacterial meningitis can be prevented by improving hygiene, ranging from simple things like proper hand washing techniques. cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing, avoiding the use of glasses, water bottles, and straws used during sports or activities outside the home. Wash hands after defecating in order to eliminate fecal contamination of the body, and others.
Treatment of Meningitis
Bacterial meningitis can be treated by taking a number of antibiotics. Viral meningitis being no specific treatment for most patients recover on their own within a certain time. Get plenty of rest, drink and hospitalization if may be necessary in severe cases or those with weakened immune systems.
That's What It's Disease Meningitis?