Cassava is a tuber crops are in Indonesian known as cassava or tubers wood while some call the Java community with telo. Cassava is a staple food alternatives apart from rice and corn as a source of carbohydrate. Besides cassava also contains nutrients that are good for health.
Cassava was introduced by the Portuguese in the 16th century to the archipelago of Brazil. Around 1810 during the Dutch East Indies, cassava is grown commercially in Indonesia. At first the Java community are not familiar with this one plant, so that until about 1875 the consumption of cassava in Java,Indonesia is still low. Only in the 20th century cassava consumption increased rapidly. After that, came a variety of processed foods with basic ingredients such as cassava chips, tape, gethuk, entho, combro, bread, Tiwul and others.
|Gethuk Lindri , traditional food from Indonesia|
Aside from being a staple food and as an alternative to the various delicacies, it turns cassava also have some health benefits for the body.
Nutritional Content of Cassava
Nutritional content per 100 grams of cassava, among others:
· Vitamin B1 0.01 milligrams
· Fat 0.30 g
· Iron 0.70 mg
· Protein 1.20 grams
· Vitamin C 30.00 mg
· Calories 121 cal
· Calcium 33.00 mg
· Carbohydrates 34.00 g
· Phosphorus 40.00 grams
· Water 62.50 grams
Benefits of cassava for Health
With the nutritional content, cassava is very beneficial for health. Here I say about the benefits of cassava for health:
As a source of carbohydrates
The number of calories in cassava two times more than potatoes. In 100 grams of cassava, there are 160 calories, which is mostly composed of sucrose. It is not wrong if cassava used as one of the staple foods as a source of carbohydrate.
Containing High Protein
Compared with the nuts poorer cassava is lower in fat. In addition, cassava also have a higher protein content than potato and bananas.
As the Source of Fiber
The nutritional content of cassava can lower triglyceride levels as well as being a good source of fiber for health. This makes cassava can lower the risk of stroke, heart disease, colon cancer and help control diabetes.
As a source of Vitamin K
Cassava contains vitamin K function in building bone mass. For Alzheimer's patients, the treatment process Vitamin K plays an important role in limiting neuronal damage in the brain.
As a source of Vitamin B complex
Cassava is a source of vitamin B complex vitamins and other groups such as riboflavin, pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), folates, thiamin and pantothenic acid. Riboflavin plays a role in helping the growth of the body and produce red blood cells to reduce anemia.
As Mineral Resources
Cassava contains magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, and manganese. In addition, the amount of potassium in the beneficial cassava as an important component in the formation of body cells and regulate blood pressure. So Cassava is an important source of minerals for the body.
Lowering bad cholesterol levels
A reserach that has been done suggests that the benefits of cassava is as lowering levels of bad cholesterol in the blood in addition to other benefits that have been mentioned above.
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