Cervical Cancer. We know the type of deadly diseases including cancer, even each individual has the seeds of cancer that could someday grow. Only the development of cancer can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle. In fact, sometimes they have a healthy lifestyle and still be affected by cancer. So how to detect the presence of this disease in the body? The following reviews Getting more Cervical Cancer.
|Staging of Cervical Cancer|
There are several ways to detect the presence of cancer in the body, but this time we will discuss in advance about cervical cancer that has invaded many women in the world, including in Indonesia. Approximately 500.00 women have been diagnosed with cervical cancer and an average of 270,000 deaths annually. In fact, every one hour, one woman died of cervical cancer.
What is cervical cancer and what causes it?
Cervical cancer or often known as cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the uterine cervix which is the entrance to the uterus. 99.7% of these cancers are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) oncogenic, which attacks the cervix. Occur in the cervix, when it entered the stage, this cancer can spread to other organs throughout the body. These viruses include viruses are highly contagious and spread, not only through liquids but also from skin contact. In addition a person can also be exposed to the HPV virus through the use of public lavatories were unwittingly exposed to the HPV virus.
Poor living habits can also cause outbreaks of this cervical cancer. Such as smoking or lack of vitamin intake nutri body. Another bad habit that can cause cervical cancer is the frequent intercourse with multiple partners, and have intercourse at an early age (have intercourse at age <16 years) may increase the risk of cervical cancer 2x. Another factor that causes cervical cancer is the offspring of cancer or the use of birth control pills in a very long period of time.
Along the natural immune system of HPV can disappear on their own, but there are some that do not disappear and settled. Persistent HPV that causes cervical cell changes into cervical cancer. The journey from HPV infection to cervical cancer, pre-cancerous stage to cervical cancer takes 10-20 yrs. In Indonesia alone there are 40 women were diagnosed and 20 women die from cervical cancer, therefore cervical cancer is a scourge for women.
Factor that allows for cervical cancer
· Women over the age of 50 years.
· Having sex under the age of 20 years.
· Patients with Endometrial hyperplasia which is an increase in the number of cells lining the uterus or the uterus.
· Hormone replacement therapy or HRT (hormone replacement therapy).
· Being overweight, because the estrogen in the body created in the fat tissue that obese women have higher estrogen levels. High levels of estrogen is the cause of the increased risk of cervical cancer in obese women.
· The use of tamoxifen, used to prevent and cope with breast cancer. Women who use these drugs, has a greater risk of developing uterine cancer.
· Cervical cancer is more common in white women.
· The first menstrual period before age 12 years.
· Menopause after age 50 years.
· Not having children or not getting pregnant (infertility).
· The presence of polyps in the endometrium.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
· The emergence of pain and bleeding during intercourse.
· Vaginal discharge excessive and abnormal.
· Bleeding outside the menstrual cycle.
· Weight loss drastically.
· If the cancer has spread to the pelvis, the patient will suffer from back pain and also obstacles in urination, and kidney enlargement.
How do I detect cervical cancer?
To detect the presence of cancer growth can be done in several ways including using screening methods, an effective method to detect signs of pre-cancerous or also the characteristics of cervical cancer. Screening can be done by the method of examination Pap or VIA (Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid).
Pap smear is an examination conducted on the surface of cells in the cervix to detect cervical cancer. These tests are performed on women who have had sex and to qualify as menstruation has completed at least 3 days, not in a sexual activity at least 3 days, do not use drugs associated with intravaginal.
· IVA Test
IVA test is visual inspection with acetic acid. A method that can be used in other ways to find and detect the signs are signs of cervical cancer. The trick is to spray liquid acetic acid in a concentration of 3% to 5% in the cervical region. Then from this spray, see if there is a change of color to the white color that is sprayed into the area earlier.
For women who actively have frequent sexual intercourse would be strongly advised to perform method of screening using the Pap smear or the way IVA test.
How to prevent cervical cancer?
1. Do not have sex with a partner who alternated
2. Diligent pap smear every two years for those who are already sexually active
3. Vaccination for HPV who have never had sexual contact
4. Live a healthy lifestyle by eating enough nutritious and nourishing
5. Always maintain a healthy body and environmental sanitation
6. Do not over wash the vagina with an antiseptic.
7.Do not sprinkle powder on the vagina.
8 Stay away from cigarettes and those who smoke.
9. Reduce consumption of foods containing excessive fat.
10. Avoid foods that contain carcinogens (cancer-triggering substances) as it contains a lot of preservatives.
After reading the article Getting more Cervical Cancer, the readers can apply healthy life and be diligent to do the inspection. In order to do prevention early and may reduce mortality from cervical cancer.
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